What are the 4 dissociative disorders

Dissociative Disorders

Dissociative disorders are mental illnesses that involve disruptions or breakdowns of memory, consciousness, identity, and perception. There are 4 different types of disorders: amnesia, depersonalization disorder, derealization disorder, and dissociative fugue. They all have some symptoms in common such as not being able to remember things from the past or feeling detached from one’s body. These can be paralyzing at times but there is hope for recovery with psychotherapy and medications. The people who suffer from these disorders usually know something is wrong but they might feel powerless to change it due to their condition. Let’s talk about what these four different types of dissociation are!

1) Amnesia


This amnesia is when an individual cannot remember certain information, such as important personal data like their name or address. They might lose memories from the past and sometimes they also forget about things that happen around them in the present. This can be extremely frustrating for those who suffer from this disorder because it causes them to feel like everything they do is unfamiliar and creates a sense of detachment towards others. Some people with this amnesia will make up stories to cover up what they don’t remember, which can lead to confusion and embarrassment later on. It’s estimated that 0.2% of the population has experienced this amnesia in their lifetime but mainly women suffer from this as opposed to men.

2) Depersonalization Disorder

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Depersonalization disorder is when an individual feels detached from their body or like they are an outside observer of themselves. It can be described as feeling disconnected, unreal, or lacking control over one’s thoughts and emotions. Some people with this condition feel that their body isn’t real or that it doesn’t belong to them even though nothing around them seems strange. They might experience weird feelings in certain areas of their body such as numbness, tingling, or buzzing sensation. It’s estimated that only 1% of the population suffers from depersonalization disorder but most cases go unreported because some people think it’s not a big deal while others find difficulty accepting it due to social stigmas associated with mental illness.

3) Derealization Disorder

Derealization disorder is when an individual experiences a disconnection from their surroundings. Things might seem foggy, dreamlike, or surreal and objects might not seem to have the same appearance or texture as they normally would. This can be quite distressing for people who suffer from it because it makes them feel like they’re living in a different world and that they can’t trust their senses. It’s estimated that 2% of the population suffers from derealization disorder but it’s often overshadowed by other mental health conditions.

4) Dissociative Fugue

This fugue is when an individual suddenly decides to leave everything behind and start a new life somewhere else. They might forget their past completely or have only vague memories of it. This can be very frightening for the person experiencing it because they don’t know who they are and they often confuse the new identity as their own. This fugue has also been called “mad travel” because people with it will suddenly up and leave and not tell anyone where they’re going or that they even have another life in a different location.


There are four different types of dissociative disorders that can affect a person’s memories, consciousness, identity, and perception. Amnesia is the most common type in which an individual cannot remember important personal data such as their name or address. Depersonalization disorder is when one feels detached from their body while derealization disorder involves feeling disconnected from reality. Fugue also causes people to suddenly forget who they are and where they live with some individuals traveling away for months before realizing what happened to them. If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms or know someone who does, it may be helpful to seek help through therapy or medication so that you can get your life back on track.

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